RBR - Rio Branco


The capital of ecology

The older among you should remember José Maria da Silva Paranhos Junior, the Baron of Rio Branco, whose picture was printed on the one thousand Cruzeiros bill. The capital of Acre was named in his honor. Diplomat and Minister of Foreign Affairs, the baron was responsible for the peaceful resolution of the conflict between the Brazilian and Bolivian governments over the territory which in the end was annexed to Brazil.

Founded in 1913, Rio Branco is a very organized city. It became known world-wide for Chico Mendes’ (leader of the rubber extractors) plight to preserve extractivism as a way of life, which left a great heritage of environmental consciousness.

The city has undergone a significant revitalization in the last few years, with open green spaces and the restoration of historical buildings.


Start at government headquarters. The Rio Branco palace, built in 1930, in neoclassic style, has a collection that portrays the history of Acre, the battles of the rubber extractors, and the life of Chico Mendes.

Take a walk on the Gameleira boardwalk, on the shores of the Acre River, where the city started. There, in 1882, the first rubber tree plantation was founded, starting the region’s occupation. The gameleira (ficus tree) was already there and saw the whole thing.

If you have time, visit the Parque da Maternidade (Maternity Park), Casa do Artesão (House of the Craftsman), Parque Ambiental Chico Mendes (Chico Mendes Environmental Park) – and above all, the Museu da Borracha (Rubber Museum). During the dry season, enjoy the Amapá River beaches, about 10km (6 mi) from downtown.